Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

79-7-8 etc.tablets in the collections of the British Museum
Atablets in the collections of Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AGSJ. A. Knudtzon, Assyrische Gebete an den Sonnengott (Leipzig 1893)
AlTD. J. Wiseman, The Alalakh Tablets (London 1953)
ANETJ. B. Pritchard (ed.), Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (3rd edition, Princeton 1969)
AOtablets in the collections of the Musée du Louvre
Assfield numbers of tablets excavated at Assur
BaM BhBaghdader Mitteilungen, Beihefte
Bauer AsbTh. Bauer, Das Inschriftenwerk Assurbanipals (Leipzig 1933)
Biggs ŠazigaR. D. Biggs, ŠÀ.ZI.GA: Ancient Mesopotamian Potency Incantations (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 2, Glückstadt 1967)
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Borger Esarh.R. Borger, Die Inschriften Asarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien (AfO Beiheft 9, Graz 1956)
Böhl ChrestomathyF. M. T. Böhl, Akkadian Chrestomathy (Leiden 1947)
Börker-Klähn, BildstelenJ. Börker-Klähn, Altorientalische Bildstelen und vergleichbare Felsreliefs I-II (Baghdader Forschungen 4, Mainz 1982)
BRMBabylonian Records in the Library of J. Pierpont Morgan
BSOASBulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
Butablets in the collections of the British Museum
BWLW. G. Lambert, Babylonian Wisdom Literature (Oxford 1960)
CADChicago Assyrian Dictionary
CHCodex Hammurapi
CRRAIRencontre assyriologique internationale, comptes rendus
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
Grayson ChroniclesA. K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, Glückstadt 1975)
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
Ktablets in the Kuyunjik collection of the British Museum
KAIH. Donner and W. Röllig, Kanaanäische und Aramäische Inschriften (2nd edition, Wiesbaden 1966-1968)
KAJE. Ebeling, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur juridischen Inhalts (Leipzig 1927)
KARE. Ebeling, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religiösen Inhalts (Leipzig 1919)
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I-II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Luckenbill, Senn.D. D. Luckenbill, The Annals of Sennacherib (Oriental Institute Publications 2, Chicago 1924)
MLCtablets in the collections of the J. Pierpont Morgan Library
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
NLH. W. F. Saggs, "The Nimrud Letters", Iraq 17 (1955), 21ff, etc.
Or.Orientalia, Nova Series
Pedersén ArchivesO. Pedersén, Archives and Libraries in the City of Assur I-II (Uppsala 1985-1986)
Piepkorn AsbA. C. Piepkorn, Historical Prism Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal (Assyriological Studies 5, Chicago 1933)
PKTAE. Ebeling, Parfümrezepte und kultische Texte aus Assur (Roma 1952)
PRTE. Klauber, Politisch-Religiöse Texte aus der Sargonidenzeit (Leipzig 1913)
RH. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia (London 1861-1884)
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Streck AsbM. Streck, Assurbanipal I-III (Vorderasiatisches Bibliothek 7, Leipzig 1916)
TUATTexte aus der Umwelt des Alten Testaments
Uruannapharmaceutical series uruanna: maštakal
VATtablets in the collections of the Staatliche Museen, Berlin
VSVorderasiatische Schriftdenkmäler der Königlichen Museen zu Berlin
VTED. J. Wiseman, The Vassal Treaties of Esarhaddon (London 1958)
WODie Welt des Orients
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

Aram.Aramaic
Babyl.Babylonian
LBLate Babylonian
MAMiddle Assyrian
NANeo-Assyrian
MBMiddle Babylonian
NBNeo-Babylonian
OAOld Assyrian
OAkkOld Akkadian
OBOld Babylonian
SBStandard Babylonian
SBStandard Babylonian
e.edge
obv.obverse
r., rev.reverse
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
frg.fragment
MSmanuscript
unpub.unpublished
var.variant
!collation
!!emendation
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
/(in score transliteration) line boundary
+joined to, (in score transliteration) continuing line

Simo Parpola

Simo Parpola, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Neo-Assyrian Treaties and Loyalty Oaths, SAA 2. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1988; online contents: SAAo/SAA02 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 [http://oracc.org/saa2abbreviationsandsymbols/]

 
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